What Is a Diet?

A diet is the total amount of food and drink that a person consumes. A healthy diet aims to provide all of the nutrients needed by the body, from carbohydrates, fats and protein. It should include foods from each of the 5 food groups and be low in salt and sugar.

Carbohydrates provide energy for the body and are found in starchy vegetables such as potatoes, yams and corn, whole fruits and some dried fruit. Try to choose a mix of carbohydrate sources and opt for a higher fibre variety, such as whole grain breads and cereals.

Milk and dairy foods are good sources of protein and calcium, and help to keep bones strong. Aim for lower fat and low sugar products where possible, such as semi-skimmed, 1% or skimmed milk, reduced fat cheeses and yoghurt. If choosing a dairy alternative, choose unsweetened, calcium-fortified options.

Protein provides the building blocks of the body and helps to repair cells. It can be found in meat, fish, beans and eggs, as well as nuts and seeds. Try to eat lean meat, skinless poultry and oily fish.

Fats provide energy and help to absorb other nutrients, but the type of fat you eat is important. Opt for healthier fats, such as polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids and reduce unhealthy saturated and trans-fats. Kost

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